Kyphosis treatment News and innovations

Kyphosis treatment: News and innovations

Kyphosis treatment is an ever-evolving field, where scientific and technological advances are opening new horizons in addressing this spinal condition. With constant research and discoveries, medical specialists have introduced innovative methods into the therapeutic arsenal of kyphosis aimed at optimizing treatment results.

In this context, we explore in detail the novelties and advances in the field of treatment for kyphosis, highlighting the modalities that are redefining the perspective on the management of this medical condition.



  1. History of Kyphosis Treatment
  2. New methods of treatment
  3. Exaggerated kyphosis treatment


History of Kyphosis Treatment

The history of kyphosis treatment reflects the continuous evolution of the methods and technologies used to address this complex spinal condition. In the past, kyphosis therapy focused on traditional methods, such as physical therapy and specific exercises, mainly aimed at strengthening the back and abdominal muscles. These approaches were designed to improve posture and prevent excessive curvature of the spine from worsening.

Posture-correcting devices such as corsets or braces have also been used to provide additional support and encourage proper spinal alignment. In more severe cases, where the spinal deformity was pronounced and caused significant complications, surgery was a viable option. These procedures focused on physically correcting the spine to restore proper alignment and reduce pressure on the intervertebral discs and nerves.

However, technological advances and scientific research in recent decades have opened new perspectives on the treatment of kyphosis. New discoveries in science and technology have enabled the development of more advanced and personalized approaches. Exoskeletons, for example, have become a promising innovation, providing personalized biomechanical support and helping to maintain correct posture during daily activities.

In addition, technologies such as virtual reality and artificial intelligence have been integrated into the treatment process, providing interactive and personalized methods for addressing kyphosis. These tools allow therapists to create exercise programs tailored to individual patient needs and monitor progress in more detail.

History of Kyphosis Treatment


New methods of treatment

In the medical field, rapid advances and innovative discoveries have opened up new horizons for addressing ailments and improving patients’ quality of life. A significant aspect of this revolution is the development and implementation of new treatment methods, which bring significant benefits in the management of various health conditions. These methods represent not only an evolution of traditional medical practices, but also an adaptation to the complex challenges of contemporary society.

New therapeutic approaches meet the individual needs of patients, taking into account the variability of genetic factors, lifestyles and social contexts. Recent breakthroughs in biotechnology, artificial intelligence and personalized medicine have contributed to the development of a dynamic medical landscape, where traditional methods are complemented or even replaced by more precise and effective interventions.

1. Exoskeleton therapy

One of the most recent advances in the treatment of kyphosis is the use of exoskeletons. These portable devices, which attach directly to the body, are designed to support and correct the patient’s posture. People can customize them to suit their individual needs and use them during daily activities to maintain correct posture.

2. Virtual Reality (VR) Therapy

The use of virtual reality in the treatment of kyphosis has become increasingly popular. Patients can perform specific exercises in a virtual environment under the close supervision of the therapist. This type of therapy not only provides an interactive and fun aspect, but also helps improve the patient’s motivation to follow a regular treatment schedule.

3. Gene therapy

In medical research, gene therapy has become a growing area of interest. In the case of kyphosis, researchers are exploring the possibility of using gene therapy to correct genetic abnormalities associated with the development of this condition. Although this field is in the early stages of research, initial results show promise in the direction of developing more specific treatments.

4. Artificial Intelligence (AI) Therapy

The use of artificial intelligence in the diagnosis and treatment of kyphosis is another significant innovation. Machine learning algorithms can analyze data from medical images and provide personalized recommendations for treatment. This type of approach can improve diagnostic accuracy and adapt therapy to individual patient changes over time.

New methods of treatment

Exaggerated kyphosis treatment

Treatment of exaggerated kyphosis depends on the severity of the condition, the patient’s age, general health and possible associated complications. The treatment includes physical therapy, exercises, posture correction, and, in some cases, medical or surgical interventions. It is crucial to see a medical specialist, such as an orthopedist or physical therapist, for an evaluation and personalized treatment plan. Here are some common treatment methods for exaggerated kyphosis:

1. Physical Therapy and Exercise:

  • Physiotherapy can help strengthen your back and abdominal muscles, thereby improving your posture.
  • Specialized exercises focused on strengthening the muscles around the spine can help reduce excessive curvature.

2. Posture Correction:

  • Education about proper posture during daily activities and at the office can help prevent kyphosis from worsening.
  • Medical professionals may recommend postural supports, such as corsets or braces, to help maintain proper spinal alignment.

3. Drug Therapy:

  • Doctors may prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to control pain associated with kyphosis.
  • In some cases, doctors may use muscle relaxant medications to reduce muscle spasms.

4. Medical Interventions:

  • Physicians may administer corticosteroid injections to reduce inflammation around the spine and relieve pain.
  • Therapy with the help of a pain specialist may also involve techniques such as nerve ablation to reduce pain sensations.

5. Surgery:

  • In severe cases or when other treatment methods prove unsuccessful, physicians may consider surgery to correct the spinal deformity.

It is essential to address exaggerated kyphosis under the guidance of a medical professional and follow a personalized treatment plan. Self-treatment or ignoring symptoms can lead to complications and progression of the condition.


Kyphosis: causes, symptoms and treatment

Kyphosis is an antero-posterior curvature of the thoracic area of the spine and affects the region between the shoulder blades, thus rounding the back and projecting the neck forward. Normally, the spine curves in the neck area, upper back, to absorb the effect of supporting body weight.

If you have kyphosis, there is a hump on the upper back, and the deformity leads to additional pressure on the spine and even difficulty breathing.

Kyphosis can vary depending on the severity. In general, the larger the curve, the worse the condition. Smaller curves can cause mild back pain, or they can be asymptomatic. More severe curves can cause significant deformities of the spine, and can result in a visible hump on the patient’s back.


  1. Causes
  2. Symptoms
  3. Treatment

What are the causes of Kyphosis?

The most common cause of kyphosis is fracture of the vertebrae due to osteoporosis. It can affect men and women, but is prevalent in women. Left untreated, osteoporosis weakens the vertebrae of the spine, and they become more susceptible to fractures. Generally, the front of the bone is crushed, after which it goes inwards; the opposite side forms the kyphotic curve and, consequently, the posture acquires a forward inclination. Deformations can be based on many causes:

  • Degenerate discs – the intervertebral discs have a supporting role, they are like pillows between the vertebrae. As we age, the discs dry out and shrink, which can lead to kyphosis;
  • Scheuermann’s disease – also called Scheuermann’s kyphosis, occurs during growth, before puberty. Boys have a higher risk than girls, and rounding of the back can worsen when the young man stops growing. The disease is thought to occur due to avascular necrosis of the cartilage in the vertebral area. In other words, cartilage dies from lack of blood. An incorrect posture at the office, for example, can aggravate Scheuermann’s disease;
  • Birth defects – if a child’s spine does not develop normally, this abnormality can cause kyphosis;
  • Marfan syndrome – is an inherited disease, which occurs because the body does not produce a group of proteins that provide strength and elasticity to tissues;
  • Prader Willi disease – is a genetic condition, which is manifested by muscle weakness, mild mental retardation and an increased appetite. As a result, many patients have obesity and / or type 2 diabetes;
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome – is a set of genetic disorders of connective tissues. The first symptoms appear in childhood and include joint problems, skin and blood vessel abnormalities. It is believed to occur against the background of genetic mutations;
  • Specific treatment for cancerous tumors and cancer – especially cancer of the spine can weaken the vertebrae. Chemotherapy and radiation treatment can also cause kyphosis.


What are the symptoms of Kyphosis?

Mild kyphosis is not marked by symptoms, but some forms (or when the disease is in an advanced stage) can be manifested by:

  • the appearance of an inappropriate position;
  • the appearance of the hump;
  • back pain;
  • feeling of stiffness.


What is the treatment of Kyphosis?

In general, the treatment of kyphosis depends on age, medical history, type of kyphosis, severity of the disease. The treatment aims to correct the posture, in mild cases of kyphosis, or to stop the aggravation of the disease or to avoid complications, in rare cases, which require surgery. Taking into account these factors, you have at your disposal the medical, surgical, physiotherapeutic treatment, but also the wearing of a corrective corset.

Pharmaceutical treatment
In the first phase, the doctor will recommend over-the-counter medications because they are not as strong as those prescribed. For kyphosis, medications such as:

Acetaminophen (paracetamol) – does not reduce inflammation, but relieves pain;
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (eg, ibuprofen or naproxen) – reduce both inflammation and pain.
It is important to know that drugs do not cure kyphosis, they only reduce pain or inflammation.

Surgical treatment
Surgery is recommended in several cases of kyphosis:

  • Congenital kyphosis;
  • For people with Scheuermann’s kyphosis, who have curves greater than 75 degrees;
  • For people with severe back pain that does not improve with medication.
  • The most commonly used intervention in kyphosis is called spinal fusion and is a “welding” process. The goal of the operation is to fuse the vertebrae to heal in a single bone. Fixing the vertebrae will reduce the degree of curvature and eliminate the movement between the vertebrae, thus disappearing the pain.

During the procedure, the vertebrae that form the curve are real, to reduce from kyphosis. Subsequently, bone grafts are placed in the spaces between the vertebrae that will be fused. To increase the speed of fusion, the surgeon will use metal screws, plates and rods, which will help stabilize the spine.

Physiotherapeutic treatment
Physiotherapy is recommended for both children and adults. A well-developed exercise program soothes pain and inflammation, improves mobility and strength, and helps you perform daily activities more easily. Generally, physical therapy sessions are scheduled 2-3 times a week for a few weeks or even months.

Of course, physical therapy depends on the stage of the disease and the type of kyphosis. Thus, for postural kyphosis, the therapist can help you learn how to adopt a correct position and strengthen your back muscles, respectively the paravertebral ones, which attach to the spine and provide support.

Corset for treating kyphosis
Wearing a corset is especially recommended to treat Scheuermann’s kyphosis. Although not recommended in postural kyphosis, it can help straighten the spine after a fracture (for example, in the event of an accident). The corset can slow the progress of the curve and help control pain. Also, by wearing the corset, you can avoid surgery later, when other forms of treatment do not work.

Depending on the case, the corset can be worn from a few weeks to a few months or even longer. For starters, wear 20-24 hours a day, after which the number of hours gradually decreases. In adults, wearing a corset will not straighten the spine, but will only relieve the pain.