Back pain in athletes

Back pain in athletes

Athletes can practice their favorite sport only if they pay special attention to the spine. The intensity of back pain can vary, so some people have mild pain. For others, back pain can become a real problem due to its continued severity and intensity.

Sport has an undeniable role in maintaining health. However, the effects of exercising are not always favorable.



  1. Injuries to the spine
  2. Warming up before training
  3. Relief of back pain


Injuries to the spine

Performance athletes but also those who exercise occasionally, in order to stay strong, are subject to risks. These can occur when injuries occur in any part of the spine, as well as soft tissue damage.

A. The neck

It is that part of the body that is often injured while playing a sport, such as football, which involves direct confrontation with an opponent. The effects of neck injuries while playing football can be disastrous.


B. The lower back

It is often subjected to greater pressure when practicing a type of sport that involves a certain series of movements. For example, repetitive impact exercise, weightlifting (dumbbells) or twisting movements (golf). In the case of golf, some people do not consider this sport as an athletic activity or as a sport in the true sense of the word. That is why, due to a lack of thorough training, golfers can have back pain.


C. The middle of the spine

The middle of the spine, which corresponds to the level of the rib cage, is a more protected area, with a lower risk of being injured, because it has additional support. This does not mean that the lesions that can appear in this area are not painful.

Injury in that area sometimes involves rib fracture, intercostal neuralgia but also intercostal muscle strains, especially in sports that involve rotating the torso (tennis, golf, water skiing). swimming helps to protect the health of the back, due to the feeling of weightlessness.

The same cannot be said about water skiing, which leads to compression of the spine and causes great back pain. Excessive running can have the same effects if a back strain occurs.


Warming up before training

Warming up before starting a workout is very important for preparing the back but also the muscles required in sports. Warm-up is not universal for any type of sport, but must be specific to the activity performed.


Relief of back pain

The cause of back pain should be identified as soon as possible. Many athletes who experience severe back pain are not consistent in maintaining a traditional treatment. They can suffer for months or even years due to a herniated disc not treated properly.

Athletes need to understand how muscle imbalance that occurs after exercise or prolonged exertion works.

Last but not least, it is necessary to evaluate the way in which the position of the spine is arranged, whether it is standing or lifting weights.

Hot and cold treatments can significantly reduce back pain. Thus, the heat relaxes the muscles and soothes the painful areas, and the ways of applying the heat are diverse. You can opt for heating pads or hot compresses, but also for hot showers and baths.

On the other hand, colds have a numbing effect that also relieves pain. An ice pack, a packet of frozen vegetables or a large ice cube can be used to combat pain. Rest is absolutely necessary in case of back pain.

The length of stay in bed can vary, from two or three days to a week or more, depending on the severity of the injury to the spine. Alternatively, special pillows and devices can be used.

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