Spinal Pain - What you need to know

Spinal Pain – What you need to know

If you are experiencing spinal pain that does not subside within a few days, then you need to see a rheumatologist. Many ailments with unpleasant long-term repercussions can be hidden behind back pain.



  1. Notions about the anatomy of the spine
  2. Cervical pain
  3. Chest pain
  4. Low back pain


Notions about the anatomy of the spine

The spine is divided into several regions. Depending on the location of the pain, we can figure out which region is affected and what the possible causes are.

The cervical spine is located at the neck and consists of 7 vertebrae.
The thoracic spine includes the shoulders and the back of the torso. It consists of 12 vertebrae.

The lumbar spine is located in the middle and includes 5 vertebrae. The area of ​​the sacro-coccygeal spine is located in the lower back (the sacral column includes 5 vertebrae, and the coccygeal area 4 or 5 vertebrae).


Cervical pain

Cervical pain is located in the back of the neck and can usually occur as a result of sudden movements, after various traumas or secondary to vicious positions.

If neck pain occurs suddenly, it is acute neck pain, probably caused by sudden movements and trauma secondary to ligament damage, displacement of vertebrae and muscle spasm.

Also, talking on the phone or typing while walking will maintain a normal (flexed) position of the cervical spine. Last but not least, inflammation at this level can be a cause of chronic pain syndrome.


Chest pain

Deaf, chronic or acute pain felt like a stab between the shoulders is most likely due to a pathology related to the thoracic spine. Trauma, degenerative diseases, sudden movements and vicious positions are also responsible for the appearance of pain at this level.

People who are overweight may also have acute or chronic chest pain. Another possible cause of localized pain between the shoulders is a herniated disc with various localizations. Skeletal deformities (scoliosis or kyphosis) are also involved in the occurrence of back pain.


Low back pain

Pain in the lumbar spine, or as it is popularly called, is a common and important cause of presentation to a doctor. Osteoporosis and spinal compression can be the cause of low back pain.

Also, inflammatory diseases can affect both the lumbar spine and the sacroiliac spine leading to inflammatory pain at this level. It is characterized by the appearance of pain after rest (usually at night and in the morning). Then, its relief during the day.

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