Treatment for focuses Fibromyalgia on minimizing symptoms and improving overall health. No treatment works for all symptoms, and the treatment schedule is customized for each patient.
Even if there is no cure for fibromyalgia, a wide range of treatments can help control symptoms. Exercise, relaxation methods and stress reduction can also relieve symptoms.
Common painkillers are used as a treatment for fibromyalgia, which can be given without a prescription.
Antidepressants are helpful and can help relieve the pain and fatigue associated with fibromyalgia. In addition, they relax and have benefits in regulating sleep.
There are also medications used to treat epilepsy, which are often helpful in reducing certain painful manifestations associated with fibromyalgia.
- Physiotherapy – The physiotherapist can teach you a variety of exercises that improve strength, flexibility and endurance. Hydrokinetic therapy can help in certain situations;
- Occupational therapy – The occupational therapist can help you adjust the space in which you carry out your activity or the way in which you perform certain tasks, so that the stress on the body is as small as possible;
- Psychological counseling – the psychologist can help you strengthen your confidence in your own abilities and can teach you strategies to deal with stressful situations.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Personal care is very important in the treatment for fibromyalgia.
- Stress Management – Create a plan to avoid overwork and emotional stress. Take time to relax daily. This can also mean learning to say “no” to certain proposals, without feeling guilty. At the same time, it is important not to completely change your daily routine. People who avoid work or quit work that day tend to become unproductive. Try stress management techniques, such as breathing exercises or meditation.
- Sleep Hygiene – Because chronic fatigue is one of the main symptoms of fibromyalgia, good sleep quality is essential. In addition to allocating enough time to sleep, it is good to try to fall asleep and wake up at the same time, thus giving up sleep during the day.
- Exercise – At first, they can exacerbate the pain, but done regularly, it relieves symptoms. Running, swimming, cycling or water aerobics can be included in the exercise program. A physiotherapist can help you develop an exercise program to follow at home. Stretching and breathing exercises are very good.
- Be consistent – keep the activity at a constant level. If you work harder on days when you feel better, you may then experience longer periods of pain. This does not mean doing less or limiting the activity on the days when the symptoms start. Moderation is important.
- Choose a healthy diet – quit smoking and limit your caffeine intake.
Complementary therapies for stress and pain management are not new. Some, like meditation and yoga, have been practiced for thousands of years, but recently, they have become very popular among those suffering from chronic diseases, such as fibromyalgia.
Many of these treatments relieve pain and reduce stress, some of which are accepted in conventional medicine.
- Acupuncture – is a traditional Chinese therapy that is based on restoring the balance of life by inserting fine needles into the skin at different depths. According to Western theories about acupuncture, those introduced into the skin cause changes in blood flow and neurotransmitters in the brain and spinal cord.
- Massage – is one of the oldest methods of care that is still practiced. It involves various manipulation techniques that move muscles and soft tissues. The massage relieves the pulse, relaxes the muscles, improves the range of motion of the joints and can accelerate the production of endorphins.
- Yoga and Tai Chi – these techniques combine meditation, slow movements, breathing and relaxation exercises. Both have been shown to help relieve the symptoms of fibromyalgia.